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Tafsir

Published on December 18th, 2015 | by Admin | Views: 1335

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Why you kill All Ants because of One Ant?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

و الصلاة و السلام على خير المرسلين و إمام المتقين, أما بعد

Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه reported so many ahadith and one of them was this that ALLAH’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

 نَزَلَ نَبِيٌّ مِنَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ تَحْتَ شَجَرَةٍ فَلَدَغَتْهُ نَمْلَةٌ فَأَمَرَ بِجِهَازِهِ فَأُخْرِجَ مِنْ تَحْتِهَا وَأَمَرَ بِهَا فَأُحْرِقَتْ فِي النَّارِ – قَالَ – فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ فَهَلاَّ نَمْلَةً وَاحِدَةً

“When a Prophet from amongst the Prophets of ALLAH came to sit under a tree an ant bit him. He commanded his luggage to be removed from under the tree and he commanded it to be burnt in the fire and ALLAH revealed to him”: “Why one ant (which had bitten you) was not killed (and why did you burn the others)?”

[This Hadith classification is Saheeh and it is agreed upon by Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim from the Hadith of Abu Huraira. Collected in Sunan Abi Dawud, Sunan Al-Nisai’e, Sunan Al-Bayhaqi Al-Kubra, Musnad Ahmad and Saheeh Ibn Habban]

Imam Al-Nawawi رحمه الله تعالى states in his commentary of this hadith:

أي فهلا عاقبت نملة واحدة هي التي قرصتك ; لأنها الجانية , وأما غيرها فليس لها جناية

“You should have punished that one ant that pinched out, for it was the guilty one. As for other than it, they are not guilty.”

But let him not exceed limits”, (means), let him not overstep the bounds, in slaying, by slaying other than the killer

Imam Al-Nawawi رحمه الله تعالى commented further on this Hadith in his commentary on Saheeh Muslim in saying:

“This Hadith shows that killing ants and punishing by burning was allowed in the Shariah of that Prophet. Thus, the blame was not for burning or killing but because punishing more than the ant who bit him…. In our Shariah according to Islam punishing animals by burning with fire is not allowed.”

He added later on saying:
“It is not allowed to kill ants according to Islam as well based on hadith of Ibn Abbas that the Prophet forbade killing four animals and he mentioned ants as one of them. This Hadith of Ibn A’bbas was narrated in Sunan Abi Dawud with authentic chain.”

The ruling of impermissibility to kill ants is in general when ants are not harmful. However, scholars exempted from this ruling when ants are harmful or causing any damage. in such cases you are allowed to kill them if there is no other way to get rid of them. Thus, It is better to try other ways to get rid of ants first like with water, salt, gasoline and etc.. ( this is from what I know that makes ants disappear) then if nothing worked out you kill them as you try to prevent a harm. Check this out ( you can get it audio as well): http://audio.islamweb.net/audio/index.php?page=FullContent&audioid=111583

ALLAH Said:
فَلَا يُسْرِف فِّي الْقَتْلِ

“…But let him not exceed limits in the matter of taking life .” [Surat Al-Isra : 33]

In Tafsir Al Jalalayn states:

فَلَا يُسْرِفيَتَجَاوَز الْحَدّفِي الْقَتْلبِأَنْ يَقْتُل غَيْر قَاتِله أَوْ بِغَيْرِ مَا قُتِلَ بِهِ

But let him not exceed limits”, (means), let him not overstep the bounds, in slaying, by slaying other than the killer.”

In Tafsir Ibn Katheer states:

“But let him not exceed limits in the matter of taking life.”

فَلَا يُسْرِف فِي الْقَتْلقَالُوا مَعْنَاهُ فَلَا يُسْرِف الْوَلِيّ فِي قَتْل الْقَاتِل بِأَنْ يُمَثِّل بِ

هِ أَوْ يَقْتَصّ مِنْ غَيْر الْقَاتِل

They said: This means the heir should not go to extremes in killing the killer, such as mutilating the body or taking revenge on persons other than the killer.”

Imam Qurtubi رحمه الله تعالى states in his commentary:

وأن المثلة بهم غير جائزة وإن قتلوا نساءنا وأطفالنا وغمونا بذلك ; فليس لنا أن نقتلهم بمثلة قصدا لإيصال الغم والحزن إليهم ; وإليه أشار عبد الله بن رواحة بقوله في القصة المشهورة : هذا معنى الآي

“And it is not permissible for us to retaliate in the same manner, even if they (disbelievers) kill our women and children and cause sorrow to befall us, it is not permissible for us to act likewise with the intention of making them feel grief and sorrow.”

Moderation is a good quality that stems from two good qualities: justice, and wisdom. With justice, one can be mild, and with wisdom, one can put things in perspective.

It used to be said:

الله ينصر الدولة العادلة وإن كانت كافرة، ولا ينصر الدولة الظالمة وإن كانت مؤمنة

“ALLAH will bring victory to the country which implements justice, even if it’s a country of kufr, and He will not bring victory to an oppressive country even if it’s Islamic.”

To those who ask why the kuffar (disbelievers) are “progressing” while we aren’t, please do reflect on the above statement. ALLAH may choose to give the kuffar their reward in this life for the good works they have done and we can see that somewhat happening right before our eyes.

This shouldn’t weaken our Emaan. Rather, it’s a wake up call for all of us that we need to start calling for and implementing justice as an ummah and eradicate oppression. SubhanALLAH, Islam even argues that innocent ants shouldn’t be punished for the crime of another ant, what then about innocent human beings suffering for those who are guilty? I think the Islamic position on this issue is clear and that is justice.

It is incumbent upon Muslims to follow the understanding of the Sahabah and the way of the  Salaf (pious predecessors) and turn away from the desires of the Khalaf.  Following the Sahabah in their justice, moderation, fiqh, mannerism, dealings, trade, politics, war and personal worship, so long as we do so we will have the support of ALLAH. This is proven from the following hadith:

On the authority of Abu Sa’eed al Khudri رضي الله عنه that ALLAH’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم said,

أَبُو سَعِيدٍ الخُدْرِيُّ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: يَأْتِي عَلَى النَّاسِ زَمَانٌ، فَيَغْزُو فِئَامٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ، فَيَقُولُونَ: فِيكُمْ مَنْ صَاحَبَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ: نَعَمْ، فَيُفْتَحُ لَهُمْ، ثُمَّ يَأْتِي عَلَى النَّاسِ زَمَانٌ، فَيَغْزُو فِئَامٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ، فَيُقَالُ: هَلْ فِيكُمْ مَنْ صَاحَبَ أَصْحَابَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ: نَعَمْ، فَيُفْتَحُ لَهُمْ، ثُمَّ يَأْتِي عَلَى النَّاسِ زَمَانٌ، فَيَغْزُو فِئَامٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ، فَيُقَالُ: هَلْ فِيكُمْ مَنْ صَاحَبَ مَنْ صَاحَبَ أَصْحَابَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ: نَعَمْ، فَيُفْتَحُ لَهُمْ

“A time will come upon the people, when a group of people will wage a battle and it will be said, ‘Is there amongst you anyone who has accompanied ALLAH’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم ?’ They will say, ‘Yes.’ And so victory will be bestowed on them. Then a time will come upon the people when a group of people will wage a battle, and it will be said, “Is there amongst you anyone who has accompanied the companions of ALLAHs Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم ?’ They will say, ‘Yes.’ And so victory will be bestowed on them. Then a time will come upon the people when a group of people will wage a battle, and it will be said, “Is there amongst you anyone who has been in the company of the companions of the companions of ALLAH’s Messengerصلى الله عليه وسلم ?’ They will say, ‘Yes.’ And victory will be bestowed on them.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Source: Adapted from http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/

 


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