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Aqeedah Emaan

Published on November 4th, 2012 | by Admin | Views: 31410

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What is the Asl (Root) of Emaan?

Notes taken by Abu Ruqayyah from the lecture of Shaykh Dr Khalid Khan 

What is the Asl (root) of all that we believe? When we testify that we believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Hereafter and the Divine Destiny (both good and bad), where is this Emaan of the heart rooted from?

The Asl of all that we believe and practice is what was revealed by Allah (swt) (ie.Wahy). It is through wahy that the Emaan and Qur’an is made known and the proof for this is when Allah (swt) says,

“And thus we sent to you (O Muhammad) Ruh (a revelation and a Mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what is the Book (Qur’an), nor what is Faith (Emaan)? But We have made it a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the straight Path (i.e. Allah’s Religion of Islamic Monotheism).” [ash-Shura (42) : 52]

The Ruh is angel Jibreel whom Allah commanded to bring down the light (wahy), and through Jibreel the light is appointed to guide whomsoever He (swt) wishes. The light is the wahy by which Allah (swt) strikes to guide whoever he wishes from the darkness of polytheism and disbelief to the light of Emaan and Qur’an.

Wahy means to inspire, or to communicate in a manner that is not obvious or apparent to anybody else, in a swift manner.

Hidayah (guidance) of Allah (swt) comes from the wahy, as if it was left on mere contemplation then mankind would have been lost and misguided.

Allah (swt) says,

“Is he who was dead (without faith by ignorance and disbelief) and We gave him life (by knowledge and faith) and set for him a light (of belief)whereby he can walk amongst men – like him who is in the darkness (of disbelief, polytheism and hypocrisy) from which he can never come out? Thus it is made fair-seeming to the disbelievers that which they used to do.” [al-An’am (6) : 122]

This ayah gives example of two opposites, both living in the dunyah;

1.       The one who was dead (without Emaan by Ignorance and disbelief) and then He (swt) appointed the light (Al-Qur’an) to him, thus bringing life to him, walking amongst people on the straight path and guided him to the obey His Messenger.

2.       The other is the living dead (disbeliever), walking in darkness of ignorance and disbelief not being able to find a way out of it, as Allah (swt) is the one who strikes the light to guide whomsoever He wishes.

Allah (swt) describes the one He (swt) has guided to al-Islam by appointing him the light, thus bringing life to him is not equal to the one whom Allah (swt) did not strike with the light.

The Prophet (saw) said,

“Allah created creation in darkness, then He showered His Light (wahy)upon them. Whoever was struck by that light is guided, whoever it missed is astray.” Musnad Ahmed

Allah (swt) says, “He brings them out from darkness into light.” [al-Baqarah: (2) :257]

The one whom Allah (swt) has guided to al-Islam and brought out “…from darkness into light.” is the Muslim. We should give shukr (thanks) to Allah (swt) everyday of our life for guiding us to the light of Islam and for the favors He has bestowed upon us, as if it was not for His light to strike us we would have been astray and misguided like the Jews, Christians and Polytheists.

Allah (swt) says,

 “So those who believe in him (Muhammad saw)), honor him, help him and follow the light (the Qur’an) which has been sent down to him, it is they who are successful.” [al-A’raf (7) : 157]

As we have already mentioned, the light is the revelation that was sent down to Muhammad (saw) and to all the other prophets through angel Jibreel, and without this light there would not have been any knowledge of the Emaan. However, following the light that was sent down to Muhammad (saw) is the Qur’an and his Sunnah as all other lights that were revealed to previous Prophets such as the Torah and Injeel are abrogated and notShariah for us. Allah (swt) says,

“And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad) the Book in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it, and a muhaymin over it.”[al-Maidah (5) : 48]

Ibn Kathir (rh) commented in his Tafsir on the above verse,

“The word ‘muhaymin’ means that the Qur’an is a witness over the scriptures, so that all that conforms with it from the previous scriptures is accepted, and all that contradicts it is rejected. The Qur’an, therefore, acts as a naasikh agent over the previous scriptures, which are mansookh when they conflict with the Qur’an.”

Ibn Abbas (ra) narrated,

“The angel gave Asalaams to them, and said to the Prophet (saw), ‘I give you glad tidings of two lights that you have been given, which have not been given to any prophet before you: The Opening of the Book (i.e.Soorah al-Faatihah), and the last verses of Soorah al-Baqarah, you shall not read any word of it except that you will be granted it’.” Muslim

Our beliefs and actions emanate from Emaan which is firmly rooted from what was revealed by Allah the Exalted. Similarly, if our Emaan was to emanate from Christianity, Judaism, capitalism, communism, or any other man-made beliefs, it will never prosper, be doomed for destruction and failure in this life and in the hereafter. Allah (swt) perfectly sets forth a parable saying:

“See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? A goodly word (la ilaha illallah) as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches(reach) to the sky (i.e. very high). Giving its fruits at all times, by the Leave of its Lord, and Allah sets forth parable for mankind in order that they may remember.” [Ibrahim (14) : 24-25]

“And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree uprooted from the surface of earth, having no stability.” [Ibrahim (14) : 26]

Therefore, it should be made clear that our belief in the six pillars of Emaan and everything that was made known to us is dependant on wahy, and it is the root of our Emaan, the evidence of this shows its consistency in the Qur’an.

In the beginning of Surah Al-Baqarah, Allah (swt) says,

“This is the book (the Qur’an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun. Who believe in the Ghayb (unseen) and perform As-Salat (iqamat-as-Salat), and spend much out of what we have provided for them [i.e. give Zakat, spend on themselves, their parents, their children, their wives etc.., and also give charity to the poor and also in Allah’s cause – Jihad]. And who believe in which was has been sent down to you and in that which was sent down before you, and they believe with certainty in the hereafter.” [al-Baqarah (2) : 2-4]

The Qur’an is the guidance for those who are Muttaqin (the pious believer who fear Allah much) submitting to all the commands of Allah (swt), believing in the ghayb (unseen) and all that was sent down (i.e. wahy).

In the middle of Al-Baqarah, Allah (swt) says,

“Say, (O Muslims), We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob), and to Al-Asbat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya’cub (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Musa (Moses) and Isa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam).” [al-Baqarah (2) : 136]

In the end of Surah Al-Baqarah, Allah (swt) says,

“The Messenger (Muhammad (saw)) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers, Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. (They say), ‘We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers’ – and they say, ‘We hear and we obey. (We seek) Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).” [al-Baaqarah (2) : 285]

In the beginning of Surah Al-Imran, Allah (swt) says,

“It is He Who has sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (Muhammad (saw)) with truth, confirming what came before it. And he sent down the Taurat (Torah) and Injeel (Gospel).” [al-Imran (3) : 3]

In the middle of Surah Al-Imran, Allah (swt) says similar to what He (swt) says in the middle of Surah al-Baqarah. Allah (swt) says,

“Say (O Muhammad (saw)): ‘We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down to Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il(Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), Ya’qub (Jacob) and Al-Asbat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya’qub (Jacob)] and what was given to Musa (Moses), Isa(Jesus) and the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between one another among them and to Him (Allah) we have submitted(in Islam).’.” [al-Imran (3) : 84]

In the end of Surah Al- Imran, Allah (swt) says,

“And there are certainly among the people of the scriptures (Jews and Christians), those who believe in Allah and in that which has beenrevealed to you, and that which has been revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allah. They do sell the verses of Allah for a little price, for them is a reward with their Lord. Surely Allah is swift in account.” [al-Imran (3) :199]

Therefore, our Emaan in Allah, the Angels, the Books, the Messengers, the Hereafter, the Divine Destiny, the Names and Attributes of Allah (swt) are rooted from wahy, as without this wahy there would not have been any knowledge of the Qur’an and Emaan. Allah (swt) says,

“You knew not what is the Book (Qur’an), nor what is Faith (Emaan)? But We have made it a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will.” [ash-Shura (42) : 52]

Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said, “The root of Emaan is what was revealed by Allah.”

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