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Adab sufyan at-thawri

Published on November 22nd, 2013 | by Admin | Views: 13839

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The Advice of Sufyan At-Thawri (rh)

Sufyan At-Thawri wrote to Abbad ibn Abbad with the following advice, “To proceed: You are living in a time from which the companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would seek refuge and they knew what we did not and they had precedence which we do not have. How is it for us, then, when we reach this time having little knowledge, little patience, few helpers for good, the people corrupted and the world polluted?

It used to be said: Beware of the trial (fitnah) of the ignorant worshipper and the evil scholar, because the trial of these two is a trial for everyone.

So take to the original state of affairs and cling to it. I advise you to remain unknown, since this is the age for being anonymous; and remain aloof and mix little with the people, for before when the people met they would benefit from each other, but that time has passed and your safety, in our view, is in abandoning them. Beware of the rulers. Beware of coming near to them and mixing with them in the affairs. Beware of being deceived, such that it said to you: Intercede to help the oppressed, or to repel some oppression – because that is the deception of Satan (iblees) which the wicked reciters have taken as a ladder to attain position.”

He continued, “It used to be said: Beware of the trial (fitnah) of the ignorant worshipper and the evil scholar, because the trial of these two is a trial for everyone. If you have questions and need judgment (fatwa), then take advantage of it but do not compete for it. Beware of being someone who loves for his saying to be acted upon, or that his saying is publicized and listened to, and if the people abandon him the sadness will be seen upon him. Beware of the love of leadership, for leadership may be more beloved to a man than gold and silver, but it is something difficult and obscure; and this will not be understood except by scholars of wisdom. Seek after your lost soul, work with correct intention, and know that there has come a time so difficult a person will desire death. Peace be with you.”

Source: Hilyat Al-Awliya, Chapter on Sufyan At-Thawri

كَتَبَسفيانإِلَىعَبَّادِبْنِعَبَّادٍأَمَّابَعْدُفَإِنَّكَفِيزَمَانٍكَانَأَصْحَابُالنَّبِيِّصَلَّىاللَّهُعَلَيْهِوَسَلَّمَيَتَعَوَّذُونَأَنْيُدْرِكُوهُوَلَهُمْمِنَالْعِلْمِمَالَيْسَلَنَاوَلَهُمْمِنَالْقَدَمِمَالَيْسَلَنَافَكَيْفَبِنَاحِينَأَدْرَكْنَاهُعَلَىقِلَّةِعِلْمٍوَقِلَّةِصَبْرٍوَقِلَّةِأَعْوَانٍعَلَىالْخَيْرِوَفَسَادٍمِنَالنَّاسِوَكَدَرٍمِنَالدُّنْيَافَعَلَيْكَبِالْأَمْرِالْأَوَّلِوَالتَّمَسُّكِبِهِوَعَلَيْكَبِالْخُمُولِفَإِنَّهَذَازَمَنُخُمُولٍوَعَلَيْكَبِالْعُزْلَةِوَقِلَّةِمُخَالَطَةِالنَّاسِفَقَدْكَانَالنَّاسُإِذَاالْتَقَوْايَنْتَفِعُبَعْضُهُمْبِبَعْضٍفَأَمَّاالْيَوْمَفَقَدْذَهَبَذَاكَوَالنَّجَاةُفِيتَرْكِهِمْفِيمَانَرَىوَإِيَّاكَوَالْأُمَرَاءَأَنْتَدْنُوَمِنْهُمْوَتُخَالِطَهُمْفِيشَيْءٍمِنَالْأَشْيَاءِوَإِيَّاكَأَنْتُخْدَعَفَيُقَالُلَكَتَشْفَعُوَتَدْرَأُعَنْمَظْلُومٍأَوْتَرُدُّمَظْلِمَةًفَإِنَّذَلِكَخَدِيعَةُإِبْلِيسَوَإِنَّمَااتَّخَذَهَافُجَّارُالْقُرَّاءِسُلَّمًا

وَكَانَيُقَالُاتَّقُوافِتْنَةَالْعَابِدِالْجَاهِلِوَالْعَالِمِالْفَاجِرِفَإِنَّفِتْنَتَهُمَافِتْنَةٌلِكُلِّمَفْتُونٍوَمَالَقِيتَمِنَالْمَسْأَلَةِوَالْفُتْيَافَاغْتَنِمْذَلِكَوَلَاتُنَافِسْهُمْفِيهِوَإِيَّاكَأَنْتَكُونَكَمَنْيُحِبُّأَنْيَعْمَلَبِقَوْلِهِأَوْيَنْشُرَقَوْلَهُأَوْيَسْمَعَمِنْقَوْلِهِفَإِذَاتُرِكَذَاكَمِنْهُعُرِفَفِيهِوَإِيَّاكَوَحُبَّالرِّيَاسَةِفَإِنَّالرَّجُلَتَكُونُالرِّيَاسَةُأَحَبَّإِلَيْهِمِنَالذَّهَبِوَالْفِضَّةِوَهُوَبَابٌغَامِضٌلَايُبْصِرُهُإِلَّاالْبَصِيرُمِنَالْعُلَمَاءِالسَّمَاسِرَةِفَتَفَقَّدْنَفْسَكَوَاعْمَلْبِنِيَّةٍوَاعْلَمْأَنَّهُقَدْدَنَامِنَالنَّاسِأَمْرٌيَشْتَهِيالرَّجُلُأَنْيَمُوتَوَالسَّلَامُ

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