Published on July 25th, 2014 | by Abu Umayza | Views: 32580
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحـمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آلـه وصحبه ومن والاه.
In many ‘culturalised’ Muslim communities, one’s honour and rank is measured by family background, ethnicity, by wealth and social circle/status. These racial and material determinants do not feature the qualitative aspects of a person’s spiritual development and the level of taqwah and connection one has with Allah. And as turmoil engulfs the ummah from all sides, fanatic nationalism continues to impede the progress and stability within many Muslim communities.
Allah confirms that such superficial aspects do not count with him, rather what counts is one’s taqwah and piety and consciousness of His commands and prohibitions.
يا أيها الناس إنا خلقناكم من ذكر وأنثى وجعلناكم شعوبا وقبائل لتعارفوا إن أكرمكم عند الله أتقاكم إن الله عليم خبير
“O mankind, We created you from a male and a female and made you nations and tribes that you may know each other. Verily, the most honorable among you with Allah is the one with most taqwah. Surely Allah is All-Knower .” 
Imam At-Tabari said, “Verily the noblest among you is the one who attains high level of taqwah of Allah, namely by carrying out various obligations and staying away from sin. Good looks, magnificent mansions or being of noble descent is of no significance“. 
Al-Aloosi said, this Ayah contains a prohibition for having mutual pride in one’s descent, “Verily the noblest and highest rank among you in the sight of Allah in this world and in the Hereafter is the one with most taqwah. If you want to be proud of each other, then be proud with your taqwah.” 
In his commentary of the Qur’an, Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi  stated, “Verily Allah has created you as mentioned (in the Ayah) so you may know each other and those of different races. Whatever race you come from, you should not be (boastfully) proud of the nobility of your father or grandfather. For the claim (to nobility) is based on taqwah“.
Ibn Katheer said, “Surely your taqwah is nobility and not from where you descend (i.e. your lineage)”. 
Ibn ‘Abbas رضي الله عنه said:
كرم الدنيا الغنى, وكرم الآخرة التقوى
“Nobility in the world is (measured by) one’s wealth. And nobility in there Hereafter is (measured by) one’s taqwah.” 
Al-Shawkani said, “Verily the noblest among you is the one with most taqwah. Those who have fear of Allah have more right to hold glory, which is more noble than those who do not have the nature of taqwah. He is the most noble who holds high position (with Allah), so to claim being proud of each other about the glory of your lineage, then this does not reflect glory. It does not indicate a person is noble and has a position (with Allah)”. 
In the Tafseer of Al Jalalayn  it states, “Do not take pride in the heritage (or ancestry) of each one of you. Where you should be proud of each other in the righteousness of each one of you”.
Nasir al-Sa’di said, “Allah made you into different nations and tribes so that you you may know each other and know one another’s ancestry. But nobility is measured by taqwah. The one most noble in the sight of Allah is one who diligently obeys Him and keeps away from sin. This nobility is not attained through kinship, nor in terms of heritage/ancestry. Allah is All-Knowing and All-Aware and knows really who is inwardly and outwardly muttaqi, or has piety in manners alone but not in spirit. Allah will reward him accordingly”. 
There are many hadeeth mentioning what has been of the above, the noble-noble human being is the most cautious.
Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrated that a companion came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and asked:
أى الناس أكرم قال «أكرمهم عند الله أتقاهم». قالوا ليس عن هذا نسألك. قال «فأكرم الناس يوسف نبى الله ابن نبى الله ابن نبى الله ابن خليل الله». قالوا ليس عن هذا نسألك. قال «فعن معادن العرب تسألونى». قالوا نعم. قال «فخياركم فى الجاهلية خياركم فى الإسلام إذا فقهوا»
“‘Who is the most noble of all men?’ The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘The most noble is the one who has the most taqwah.’ The man said, ‘I did not mean in that sense.’ The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘In that case, the most noble person is the Prophet of Allah Yusuf ibn Ya’qub ibn Ishaaq ibn Ibrahim (the Prophet, the son of a Prophet, the son of a Prophet, the son of a Prophet)’. The man said, ‘I did not mean in that sense.’ The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, ‘Are yo asking me (about those) among the Arab?’ The man yes, ‘yes’. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, ‘The best of them in Jahiliyyah are the best of them in Islam’.” 
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم realised the man was asking about tribes and lineage, so he provided the most befitting answer. In another hadeeth, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: «إن الله لا ينظر إلى صوركم وأموالكم ولكن ينظر إلى قلوبكم وأعمالكم» “Verily Allah does not look at your appearance and wealth, but He looks at your heart and your deeds.” 
Correlating deeds with one’s lineage, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
من أبطأ به عمله لم يسرع به نسبه
“Whoever is delayed pulled down by his own deeds, will not be pulled up by his lineage.” 
Ibn Rajab said in his valuable ‘Jaami’ al-Uloom wal-Hikam’ that the deeds of a slave will be of various levels in the Hereafter, as Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Said:
وَلِكُلٍّ دَرَجَاتٌ مِّمَّا عَمِلُوا
“For all there will be degrees (or ranks) according to what they did.” [Al-Anaam, 132]
And whoever delays his deeds, is diminishing his rank (and opportunity) in attaining higher and elevated position with Allaah. His lineage does not hasten (or help him) in his attainment of the (higher) rank, for Allaah has arranged these ranks and degrees based upon one’s deeds and not on lineage (or genealogy). Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Said:
فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَلَا أَنسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُونَ
“Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another.” [Al-Mu’minoon, 101]
Therefore colour and ancestry does not make us noble, rather it is taqwah alone. These narrations and Ayaat are exhortations to believe and to do good deeds, and not to rely on one’s kinship, however noble, virtuous and honourable it may be. Thus, the one who indulges in bad deeds and delays (is negligent) in performing good deeds, any honour of his lineage will not benefit him in the Hereafter in raising of his rank and status…
Last but not least, Abu Dharr رضي الله عنه narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
انظرْ فإنَّك لستَ بخيرٍ من أحمرَ و لا أسودَ ، إلا أن تفضلَه بتقوى
“Do not look at yourself to being better than a red-skinned or dark-skinned person, unless you surpass them in taqwah.” 
 Al Hujurat, 13
 Tafseer At-Tabari, 21: 386
 Roohul Ma’ani, 19:290
 Al Bahr al-Muheeth, 10:116
 Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 13: 169
 Quoted by Al Baghawi in his Tafseer, ‘Ma’alim at-Tanzeel, 7:348
 Fath al-Qadeer, 7:20
 Al Jalalayn, 528
 Tayseer al-Kareem al-Rahman, 802
 Bukhari no. 4689
 Muslims no. 2564
 Abu Daw’ud, 3643; Ibn Maajah, 185 (see also Tirmidhi, 2945) – graded as saheeh by and al-Albani in ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 5715 and 6577
 Musnad Ahmad, 5/158. Graded as saheeh by Al-Araqi, Al-Albani and Shu’ayb Arn’oot
Tags: abu abdullah
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