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Adab car crash

Published on April 12th, 2013 | by Abu Umayza | Views: 50007

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Muslim, the Road and the Rage – Part 1 of 2

Part One | Click here for Part Two

From the rapid pace of development and change the modern world continues to see, it is from the blessings of Allah given to mankind through which they continue to benefit and enjoy the results of these technological and scientific advancements. Less than two hundred years ago and before the advent of the motorised vehicle, mankind was (still) riding beasts of transport such as horses and donkeys and cattle. We continue to engineer and produce a wide range and variety of motor vehicles that are better, stronger, faster and more efficient – in the form of vehicles and motorcycles – and other than them.

Allah سبحانه و تعالى Said in His Magnificent Book:

وَالْخَيْلَ وَالْبِغَالَ وَالْحَمِيرَ لِتَرْكَبُوهَا وَزِينَةً ۚ وَيَخْلُقُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

“And (He has created) horses, mules and donkeys, for you to ride and as an adornment. And He Creates (other) things of which you have no knowledge.” [1]

So all Praise and Thanks is for Allah, by Whose generosity and blessings we enjoy the ease of social mobility today. With the provision of many modes of transportation, we need to constantly show our gratitude through upholding all the noble and praiseworthy characteristics that Islam imbibes in a person. From amongst these attributes is being responsible and exemplifying best of manners in everything that we do. As the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.” [2]

For those of us who drive or use transportation, we need to remember these encompassing words of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم – And from the manners and etiquettes of driving, the following are important points to be noted and put into practice:

1. Du’a (invocation) when Entering the Vehicle

It is important that we follow the Sunnah in all matters and at all specified times. When we set our foot inside the vehicle (or sit on the motorcycle), we say “Bismillah”, followed by prescribed adhkar. ‘Ali ibn Rabi’ah said, “I saw an animal brought to ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib رضي الله عنه and when he set his foot on it, he said “Bismillah” and when he was (leaning) on his back, he said, “Al Hamdulillah”. Then he invoked: “Glory is to Him Who has provided this (transport) for us and we would not have been capable of that.” Then he said, “Al Hamdulillah” three times and then said “Allahu Akbar” three times and then supplicated: “Glory is to You (O Allah), I have wronged myself (so) forgive me, for none forgives sins except You.” [3]

When going on a longer journey or travelling out of town or city, the following du’a is highly recommended:

سُبْحانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ وَإِنَّا إِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنقَلِبُونَ

“Allah is the Most Great. Allah is the Most Great. Allah is the Most Great. Glory is to Him Who has provided this for us though we could never have had it by our efforts. Surely, unto our Lord we are returning.” [4]

2. Not Violating Traffic Rules when Driving

From our religious obligations is to obey people of authority and this also includes those put in charge of governmental affairs like health, education and transport for example. These agencies have put in place rules and regulations that make for safe environments for people to operate in and extract maximum benefits from. A key objective for transport authorities is to preserve life and maintain safety on the roads by enforcing responsible driving. It does not necessary matter is the authorities in charge are Muslim or non-Muslim because within the purpose of Shari’ah, is to maintain and preserve one’s life and property.

From the examples of traffic rules, are the requirements for having a driving license to show evidence of competency. From these examples are car registration documents to prove ownership and road worthiness of the vehicle. From these examples are the wearing of seat-belts and helmets and other things like them. Then there is also the ‘Highway Code’ that lays out traffic rules such as obeying road signs, not speeding beyond the stated limits, stopping at pedestrian crossings and many other such necessities that make for a safe driving experience for the driver, his passengers and other road users. Abiding by them all is our duty Muslim drivers and riders.

Allah سبحانه و تعالى Said in His Magnificent Book:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ ۖ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ

“O you who believe. Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and those of you who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger “ [5]

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “There is no obedience in sin (and transgression).” [6]

Al-Mubarakpuri said that if the ruling authority orders in cases that are regarded as permissible, then it is obligatory for Muslims to obey… However, if the condition of the order involves immorality (sin and transgression), then there is no obedience in that. [7]

Therefore, if the ruling authority makes mandatory, the wearing of helmets and seat-belts and obeying traffic laws etc. then it is obligatory for a Muslim to obey as this also comes under the principle of ‘public interest’. This is because they are designed to regulate road safety and protect lives and property. Shaykh ‘Abd-al Muhsin Al-Abbad explained that complying with road signs and traffic lights endorsed by the government is compulsory. And if the traffic laws change (and there is nothing within them that deem them impermissible) then the ruling remains the same (i.e. compulsory to comply).

3. Not being Reckless on the Road

Recklessness usually results from being careless; and this certainly is not from the characteristics of a Muslim. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم is reported to have said, as recorded by At-Tirmidhi: “Be keen with what is beneficial for you, and seek help from Allah and do not be reckless.”

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم also said in a very profound hadeeth: “Let there be no harm, and no reproaching harm.” – Thus paying attention to one’s own safety and the safety of others when driving reflects the objectives of Shari’ah, which guarantees the sanctity of; i) Life ii) Deen iii) Honour iv) Wealth and, vi) Intellect. Thus carelessness or recklessness in anything goes against the spirit of these objectives and can prove detrimental. Let us not take casual risks that can cause serious injury or the loss of life – From the guidance given by the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم during his Farewell Sermon, he said: “Verily (Allah has made) your blood and wealth and your honour sacred, just as this day in this month and in this land that is sacred…” [8]

These things are sacred and thus prohibited in the strongest terms to be violated. Furthermore, creating fear from (deliberate) acts of recklessness is not permissible as it subjects the occupants of the car and other road users and pedestrians to intimidation and fear. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “It is not permitted for a Muslim to frighten, intimidate (or create fear etc.) for another Muslim.” [9]

Within this principle, we understand that anything that frightens or scares, intimidates, horrifies or causes unjust panic is not permitted; and these are the usual effects of recklessness. The most common examples of traffic violations result from reckless and rash actions and from among these are the following:

i)          Speeding

ii)         Dangerous maneuvers

iii)        Illegal Parking

iv)        Using Mobile Phone while driving

Each one of these violations arises from reckless driving and making rash decisions. Their effects on those involved can range from being mere nuisance to lead to fatality. Such violations usually come from being hasty and impatient. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Deliberation is from Allah and haste is from the Shaytan.” [10]

It is therefore critical that Muslims bide their time, be patient and not take any unnecessary risks that would jeopardise people’s lives and property. Anas ibn Malik رضي الله عنه narrated that Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم was on a journey and he had a servant by the name of Anjashah, who was driving the camels very fast (while there were women passengers on those camels). The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم rebuked him by saying: “Hold on (i.e. ride slowly) with the glass vessels.” Glass vessels was a term he used for the women passengers who were there. [11]

Imam Nawawi commented on this Hadeeth and said that it was intended for Anjashah to slow down the pace of driving the camels because the speed would shock and fatigue the passengers. Thus he صلى الله عليه وسلم forbade him from chanting (to spur the camels on) and to hold on tightly because the severity of movement would weaken the women passengers and risk their health. [12]

References:

[1] Surat an-Nahl, 8

[2] Saheeh al-Bukhari, 4/759

[3] Sunan Abi Da’wud, 2602; At-Tirmidhi, 3446 and An-Nasa’i in ‘Al-Kubra’, 8799, 8800 and 10,336 – classed as saheeh by Al-albani in ‘Mukhtashar ash-Shama’il al-Muhammadiyyah’, 198

[4] Saheeh Muslim, 2/978 – for full and alternative du’a see ‘Hisn Al Muslim’ by Sa’eed Al Qahtani

[5] Surat An-Nisaa’, 59

[6] Al-Bazzar, 9/81; Fath al-Bari, 13/132 – classed as saheeh by Ahmad Shakir in ‘Umdah at-Tafseer’, 1/531

[7] Al-Tuhfat al-Ahwadi, 5/298

[8] Saheeh Muslim, 1218

[9] Abu Da’wud, 5004; see also At-Tirmidhi, 4/462; Mu’jam al-Awst, 1673 and others – classed as saheeh by Al-Albani

[10] Al-Bayhaqi, Sunan al-Kabeer, 10/104; Shu’ab al-Imaan, 4/89; Musnad Abi Ya’la, 3/1054 (#4256) – classed hasan by Ibn Hajar and Al-Albani (see ‘Silsilah as-Saheehah’, 4/404)

[11] Saheeh al-Bukhari, 6149 and Muslim, 2323

[12] See Sharh Saheeh Muslim, 15/81

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Abu Umayza


The more the people are guided to follow the goodness, the greater the opportunity for him to get the reward.



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