Published on January 22nd, 2019 | by Eaalim Institute | Views: 282
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Muharram The Month of Allah – Yasir Qadhi
We are now beginning the new Islamic calender
We are now in the month of Muharram,
and this is a month that is a sacred month.
In fact, our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said
that the best month to fast after that of Ramadan
is Shahrullaahil Muharram, the month of Allah al-Muharram.
So noticed, our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
called Muharram the month of Allah.
And no other month has been called Shahrullaah other than Muharram.
He literally called it Shahrullahil Muharram,
the month of Allah, Muharram,
and therefore this is of the highest honor that has been given to this month,
and no other month in the Islamic calender has been given this honor.
This month of Muharram is one of the four sacred months,
and in fact many of the sahabah said,
it is the most sacred of the four months.
Obviously Ramadan is the most sacred months of the year,
but Ramadan is not of the four sacred haram months.
And Muharram, many of the scholars said is the most sacred
of all of the sacred months.
When Umar ibn Khattab instituted the calender,
ten years or eight years after the Prophet sallallahu ‘akaihi wasallam passed away,
they discussed which month should we begun the calender with.
And some said this and other said that, and one opinion was Ramadan,
and one opinion was other months as well,
until finally, the most of the sahabah they said,
Muharram makes the most sense to begin the year with,
because of its blessings,
and because it occurs right after hajj,
so as if it’s a new beginning.
And so they decide that the first month of the year shall be Muharram,
and so Muharram from that time on was and has always been
the first month of the year.
And it is the month where the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam would fast regularly.
Ibn Abbas reported that, “I’ve never saw the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
more concern about fasting than the day of ‘Ashura
and in the month of Muharram.”
And the day of ‘Ashura literally means the tenth, from ‘Ashara.
The fasting on this day was made obligatory even before Ramadan,
it was made waajib in the first year after the hijrah.
And everybody had to fast the first year.
Then Allah revealed Ramadan,
so Ramadan became waajib, and the next year
Muharram became recommended and not obligatory.
So the first year of Islam it was obligatory on all Muslims
to fast on the tenth of Muharram.
And in the second year it went down from being obligatory
to being recommended and strongly encouraged,
and our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said
that it served as a forgiveness of the sins of the previous year.
On this day of tenth of Muharram our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam told us that
Musa ‘alahissalam was saved, Moses was saved from Pharaoh,
that Nuh ‘alaihissalam, his ship landed on Mount Judi,
that on these days many incidents happened in the past,
that served as a day of celebration and rejoicing.
When our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam found that the Yahud
are fasting on the tenth of Muharram as well,
even though the blessings of the tenth were predating
the knowledge of our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam about the Yahuud,
when he found out that the day were fasting because
on this day they said, “Moses was saved and Pharaoh drowned,
so we take it as a day of celebration.”
Our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam said, “We have more right to Moses than you do.”
In other word, we are the true follower of Moses,
and from that year onward he
also encouraged everybody to fast on the tenth,
and he also said, “If I live one more year,
I shall fast on the ninth and the tenth.”
The scholar say, to make our ritual different
from ritual of other religions and nations, and therefore
ideally, it is good to fast the ninth and the tenth,
even though our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam never did it,
because he said the hadith, but he passed away the very year that he said it.
So he never actually lived to next year,
but he said, “If Allah allows me to live another year,
I shall fast the ninth and the tenth of Muharram.”
So those who are able to fast the ninth and the tenth, alhamdulillah,
or the tenth and the eleventh alhamdulillah,
but if they cannot fast two days, then at least on the tenth,
they should definitely fast on that day,
and it is a day that insha Allah if you do it properly and sincerely,
the minor sins of the previous year are forgiven.
And no doubt this day also is a day in which a historical tragedy occurred,
and that is the massacre of Hussein radiyallahu ta’ala anhu.
That tragedy does not have anything to do with the sanctity of this day,
it was a coincidence that it happened on that day.
And the fact of the matter is that the death of Hussein is a historical tragedy,
but the blessings of the tenth of Muharram
and the fasting of the tenth of Muharram
is separate to the historical tragedy that occurred coincidently
on the tenth of Muharram in a later year of the hijrah,
the massacre of Karbala.
And unfortunately people have taken this massacre
to imply and to give meaning to Muharram.
But Muharram was blessed and sacred before the massacre,
and the massacre has nothing to do with
the sanctity of the month and the fasting of the month.
And ‘Ashura was the day that was holy
before Hussein was martyred on that day.
And therefore we as Muslims, we take the tenth of Muharram
not as a day of mourning, but as a day of
worship of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala,
as a day of ‘ibadah, as a day where we are conscious of Allah even more,
and we come close to Allah through our actions of worship, through the action of fasting,
and let us make sure we fast on the tenth,
and if we are able to on the ninth and the tenth,
or the tenth and the eleventh, but at least on the ninth,
and especially in this month overall.
This is the month where overall our Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam
encouraged extra good deeds, extra fasting, extra charity.
It is one of the sacred month.
May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala makes us of those
who utilize it to the best.
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