Published on July 31st, 2015 | by Admin | Views: 2392
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمد لله
والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه، أما بعـد
Abu Nu’aym records in his ‘Hilyat al-Awliya’ (#1016) a narration from Ibn ‘Umar who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
اللهم بارك لنا في مدينتنا، وبارك لنا في مكتنا، وبارك لنا في شامنا وبارك لنا في يمننا، وبارك لنا في صاعنا ومدنا فقال رجل: يا رسول الله وفي عراقنا، فأعرض عنه، فقال: فيها الزلازل والفتن وبها يطلع قرن الشيطان
“O Allah bestow your Blessings on our Madeenah, and bestow your Blessings on our Makkah, and bestow your Blessings on our Shaam, and bestow your blessings on our Yemen, and bestow your blessings in our measuring.” A man asked, “O Messenger of Allah and in our Iraq” and so he turned away from him and said, “there will occur earthquakes, trials and tribulations and there will appear the horn of Satan.” – Isnad declared saheeh by Shu’ayb Arna’oot (see also ‘Majma az-Zawa’id’, 3/305 with a slightly different wording).
There are many ahadeeth that are inter-related to each other on this topic and when you gather them all, and analyse them as the scholars of the past have done, you will find that Iraq fits the attributes/characteristics described within these narrations than any other place.
It is most likely that the term ‘Najd’ in those ahadeeth is used in a linguistic sense (i.e. a raised/elevated plateau) rather than a specific physical geographical location. Arabs referred to lands that were elevated in respect to them them as ‘Najd’. The most common area referred to as ‘Najd’ at that time was Iraq (out of the approx 12 odd places known as Najd).
This is what Ibn Hajar understood when he quotes and agrees with al-Khattabi (in opposing ad-Dawaadi’s view that Najd is a specific place) by stating that this is not the case, rather everything that is elevated with respect to what adjoins it is called Najd and the lower area called Gawr:
نجد من جهة المشرق ومن كان بالمدينة كان نجده بادية العراق ونواحيها وهي مشرق أهل المدينة، وأصل النجد ما ارتفع من الأرض، وهو خلاف الغور فإنه ما انخفض منها وتهامة كلها من الغور ومكة من تهامة انتهى وعرف بهذا وهاء ما قاله الداودي أن نجدا من ناحية العراق فإنه توهم أن نجدا موضع مخصوص، وليس كذلك بل كل شيء ارتفع بالنسبة إلى ما يليه يسمى المرتفع نجدا والمنخفض غورا
[al-Fath al-Bari, 13/47]
For those who remain sceptical of the clear and specified texts on this matter and seek to fit the evidence around their opinions rather than vice versa, they need to understand that they can not generalise what is made specific and make specific what is generalised without evidence. Here are two further hadeeth that reinforce the one I quoted previously and explicitly mention IRAQ and EAST in the same context:
– Ibn Abbas narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) made the following du’a:
اللهم بارك لنا في صاعنا ومدنا ، وبارك لنا في شامنا ويمننا . فقال رجل من القوم يا نبي الله وفي عراقنا . قال : إن بها قرن الشيطان ، وتهيج الفتن ، وإن الجفاء بالمشرق
“O Allah bestow your blessings in our measuring and bestow your blessings on our Shaam and our Yemen.” A person from amongst the people said, “O Prophet of Allah and our Iraq?” He said, “indeed there is the Horn of Shaytan, and the trials and tribulations and indeed harshness/estrangement is in the East.” [Mu’jam al-Kabeer, Tabarani – with all narrators in the isnad being thiqat]
– Saalim ibn Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said:
يا أهل العراق ما أسألكم عن الصغيرة وأركبكم للكبيرة سمعت أبي عبد الله بن عمر يقول سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إن الفتنة تجىء من ها هنا وأومأ بيده نحو المشرق من حيث يطلع قرنا الشيطان وأنتم يضرب بعضكم رقاب بعض
“O people of Iraq, it is strange that you ask about the minor sins but commit the major sins. I heard my father, Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar narrating that he heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) saying while motioning his hand to the East: “Indeed fitnah would come from this side, from wherein appear the Horns of Shaytan and you would strike the necks of one another…” [Saheeh Muslim]
These are some of the ahadeeth that speak of Iraq being the ‘Horn of Shaytan’ within the same text signifying ‘East’. We can conclude and say that fitnah and other problems will generally come from the East (inc. Dajjal and Ya’jooj wa Ma’jooj etc), while the description of the ‘Horn of Shaytan’ has been specified to Iraq.
By Abu Abdullah
If Allah makes you stand up you will never fall, and if he lets you fall and leaves you to yourself, you will always fall.
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