Published on September 22nd, 2015 | by Abu Umayza | Views:
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه
Allaah سبحانه و تعالى Said:
وَقَالَ رَبُّكُمُ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ
“And your Rabb said: ‘Invoke Me, [i.e. believe and ask and supplicate to me] I will respond to you (your invocation)…” [Ghafir, 60]
Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
استغنوا عن الناس و لو بشوص السواك
“Be needless of people, even (from asking) for a miswak.”
[Al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer, 12100; Shu’b al-Imaan, 3250 and others – graded as saheeh by al-Araqi in ‘Takhreej al-Ihya’, 4/260; Ajlooni in ‘Kashf al-Khafa’, 1/135; At-Tabari and others – see also ‘Silsilat as-Saheehah’, 1450]
Umm al-Mu’mineen A’ishah رضّى الله عنها said:
سلوا الله كل شيء حتى الشسع ; فإن الله إن لم ييسره لم يتيسر
[Musnad Abi Ya’la, 4494; Shu’b al-Imaan, 1079 – graded as hasan by al-Haythami in ‘Majma az-Zawa’id’, 10/153 (#17222)]
It was from the etiquettes of our righteous Salaf that they would work to become independent and free from asking (for their needs) from people. This was achieved two-fold; by being detached from the Dunya (and thus physically from the need of people) while directing all their requests to Allaah; and also by having a mental state of mind where, while acknowledging it was fellow creation that were a “means” of provision, help and support – their reliance and tawwakul remained focused upon Allaah as He was the source of all provision. This characteristic increased their level of Taqwah, for they moved away from relying upon the creation towards a higher reliance upon Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and asking from Him alone.
Further reminders in becoming free from needing people (in all circumstances where possible), Abu Dharr al-Ghifari رضي الله عنه narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم stipulated upon him not to ask people for anything:
ولا سوطك إن سقط منك ، حتى تنزل إليه فتأخذه
“And even if your whip falls down, lower down and take it (yourself) [i.e. do not ask others to do so].”
[Musnad Ahmad, 5/159 – graded as saheeh by al-Albani in ‘Takhreej Mishkat al-Masabih’, 1798 and ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 7307 – see also al-Mundhiri in ‘At-Targheeb’, 2/37′; al-‘Ayni in ‘Umdah al-Qari’, 9/73]
The Prophet used the word was يشترط and it denotes a precondition or a stipulation, one who fulfils it will be in receipt of much good. And when a benefit, reward or goodness remains unqualified (without mentioning what it is); this implies the reward to be huge and without measure. In this case, the shart was to remove the need of asking from people in all that can be accomplished by oneself… Mullah Ali al-Qari also commented on this hadeeth in his ‘Mirqat al-Mafatih’, 1858 here:
In the well-known hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas رضي الله عنه we read:
“One day I was riding behind the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and he said to me:
يا غلام احفظ الله يحفظك احفظ الله تجده تجاهك وإذا سألت فلتسأل الله وإذا استعنت فاستعن بالله واعلم أن الأمة لو اجتمعوا على أن ينفعوك لم ينفعوك إلا بشيء قد كتبه الله لك ولو اجتمعوا على أن يضروك لم يضروك إلا بشيء قد كتبه الله عليك رفعت الأقلام وجفت الصحف
‘O young boy, be mindful of Allaah and He will protect you. Be mindful of Allaah and you will find Him in front of you, and if you ask, ask from Allaah, and if you seek help, seek help from Allaah. And know that if all the people gathered and intended to harm you then they cannot do so except that which Allaah has destined for you. The Pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.”
[At-Tirmidhi, 2/84; Musnad Ahmad, 1/293, 303, 307; Musnad Abi Ya’ala, 2/665; Al-Haakim, 3/541 and others – At-Timidhi classed it as hasan saheeh (see also ‘Saheeh Sunan Tirmidhi’, 2516)]
Sh. Muhsin al-Abaad حفظه الله تعالى in his sharh of Sunan At-Tirmidhi commented:
“He is the One in whose Hand is everything, and He is the One in whose Hand is giving and preventing; there is none to prevent what He gives and none to give what He prevents. So let a person ask Allaah عَزَّ و جَلَّ, the One in whose Hand is everything, and He is the One who gives the khayr (all that is good) and He gives generously by way of a means and without any means. And (with regard to) the means that brings the khayr to a person, Allaah is the One who facilitates it, and He is the One who subjects the one who is a means with respect to that to do good to him.
So Allaah’s عَزَّ و جَلَّ, favouring and doing good for His slave can happen by what He generously grants and bestows without there being any means, such as rain and (other) blessings from Allaah عَزَّ و جَلَّ; and likewise, the khayr may reach a person by way of a means, which is that Allaah subjects another person to feel compassion for him and to do good to him and that whatever has good and benefit for him happens to him from (this person). And all of that is from Allaah عَزَّ و جَلَّ, because if Allaah did not make the heart of this person – who Allaah made a means – to soften for you and feel compassion for you, then what happened to you from him would not have taken place. Thus, all of it is from Allaah عَزَّ و جَلَّ, whether by way of a means or without any means.
Seek the help of Allaah with regard to your affairs and whatever wish you need and whatever difficulty you fear. Seek the help of Allaah عَزَّ و جَلَّ, to bring all the khayr and to be saved and safe from all evil. Seek the help of Allaah, because if there are means but Allaah does not Will it, nor give success for the realisation of what a person wants, then indeed it will fail to come and it will not happen. Hence, all of the affair is in the Hand of Allaah عَزَّ و جَلَّ
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Kitab as-Sifat il-Qiyamah, tape no. 272/16]
Being instilled with needlessness and having poverty removed from oneself requires a deep insight into matters of ibadaat. This is because only after firmly understanding the reality of our worship towards Allaah سبحانه و تعالى can we begin to understand the reality of our own insignificance and limitations. Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
يقول الله سبحانه يا ابن آدم تفرغ لعبادتي أملأ صدرك غنى وأسد فقرك وإن لم تفعل ملأت صدرك شغلا ولم أسد فقرك
“Allaah the Most High Said: ‘O son of Adam, spend your time in My Worship (and) I will fill your chest with wealth (i.e. he will become needless of people etc.) and hold back (remove) poverty from you; and if you indulge in worldly affairs, (I will leave) poverty with you.’”
[Tirmidhi, 2466 (who classed it as hasan ghareeb); Ibn Majah, 3331; Musnad Ahmad, 16/284 – graded as saheeh by Ibn Muflih, Ahmad Shakir and al-Albani – see ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1914 and ;Saheeh at-Tirmidhi’, 2466]
And Allaah alone is the source of success.
The more the people are guided to follow the goodness, the greater the opportunity for him to get the reward.
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