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Aqeedah

Published on September 6th, 2015 | by Admin | Views: 807

Eaalim

‘Aqeedah and Emaan

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله وعلى آله وصحبه، أما بعـد

The Arabic word ‘Aqeedah stems from the root ‘aqada, which conveys meanings of certainty, affirmation, confirmation, etc. In the Qur’an, Allaah Said:

لَا يُؤَاخِذُكُمُ اللَّهُ بِاللَّغْوِ فِي أَيْمَانِكُمْ وَلَٰكِن يُؤَاخِذُكُم بِمَا عَقَّدتُّمُ الْأَيْمَانَ

“Allaah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He will punish you for your deliberate oaths (bimaa ‘aqqadtum al-aymaan)…” [al-Maa’idah 5:89]

The verb paraphrased here as “deliberate oaths” is ‘aqqada/ta’qeed, which refers to when one has determination in the heart. It may be said in Arabic, ‘aqada’l-habl (the rope was tied), i.e., it was pulled tight together. The word i’tiqaad (belief) is also derived from this root, and has the meaning of tying up and making strong. The phrase a’taqadtu kadhaa (I believe such and such) means: “I am convinced of it in my heart; this is a rational conviction.” [See here}

The verse that comes after the ‘greatest’ verse in the Quran, Ayatul Kursi says:

فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

“…Whoever disbelieves in Taaghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped most trustworthy hand-hold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.” [al-Baqarah (2) : 256]

The two pillars derived from this verse are:
1. Negation: Rejecting Taaghut (false deities)
2. Affirmation: Believing in Allah

Believing and affirming in Allah and then worshipping others has no benefit, you must come with negation and affirmation both in your inner and outer. It is reported in the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer in relation to the above verse,

“This means whoever rejects the false rivals (andaad) to Allah (swt), the idols (awthaan) and everything that the Shaytaan calls people to worship besides Allah (swt) and then makes Allah (swt) the only One worthy of worship in all matters, and bears witness that there is no god but Allah (swt) he has ‘grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold’ meaning that he has become firm upon the best and the straight path and he has come to grasp the Deen from its strongest way. The use of the word hand-hold indicates something that is fixed, will not ever break which has been tied firmly.”

“…then he has grasped most trustworthy hand-hold that will never break.”

Mujaahid said: “the hand-hold is Emaan (true belief).”

Saeed bin Musayab and Al-Dahaak said: “the hand-hold means there is no god except Allah.”

Ibn Katheer said: “…The use of the word ‘hand-hold‘ indicates something that is fixed, will not ever break which has been tied firmly.”

The Arabic word ‘Aqeedah is derived from al-Aqad, which means to ‘tie something (firmly), so when the Muslim disbelieves in Taaghut and believes in Allah, then he has sound Aqeedah that will never break, in sha Allah.

There is nothing heavier than the wordsLa illaha illallah (there is none worthy of worship except Allah) on the scale of good deeds, it is the best Dhikrthe purpose of your existence, guarantees the Muslim into Paradise and means of forgiveness. The following Hadith of Bitaqah supports this .

‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As narrated that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَيُخَلِّصُ رَجُلاً مِنْ أُمَّتِي عَلَى رُءُوسِ الْخَلاَئِقِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَيَنْشُرُ عَلَيْهِ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ سِجِلاًّ كُلُّ سِجِلٍّ مِثْلُ مَدِّ الْبَصَرِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَتُنْكِرُ مِنْ هَذَا شَيْئًا أَظَلَمَكَ كَتَبَتِي الْحَافِظُونَ فَيَقُولُ لاَ يَا رَبِّ ‏.‏ فَيَقُولُ أَفَلَكَ عُذْرٌ فَيَقُولُ لاَ يَا رَبِّ ‏.‏ فَيَقُولُ بَلَى إِنَّ لَكَ عِنْدَنَا حَسَنَةً فَإِنَّهُ لاَ ظُلْمَ عَلَيْكَ الْيَوْمَ فَتَخْرُجُ بِطَاقَةٌ فِيهَا أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ فَيَقُولُ احْضُرْ وَزْنَكَ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ مَا هَذِهِ الْبِطَاقَةُ مَعَ هَذِهِ السِّجِلاَّتِ فَقَالَ إِنَّكَ لاَ تُظْلَمُ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَتُوضَعُ السِّجِلاَّتُ فِي كِفَّةٍ وَالْبِطَاقَةُ فِي كِفَّةٍ فَطَاشَتِ السِّجِلاَّتُ وَثَقُلَتِ الْبِطَاقَةُ فَلاَ يَثْقُلُ مَعَ اسْمِ اللَّهِ شَيْءٌ

 “Indeed Allah will distinguish a man from my Ummah before all of creation on the Day of Judgement. Ninety-nine scrolls will be laid out for him, each scroll is as far as the eye can see, then He will say: ‘Do you deny any of this? Have those who recorded this wronged you?’ He will say: ‘No, O Lord!’ He will say: Do you have an excuse?’ He will say: ‘No, O Lord!’ So He will say: ‘Rather you have a good deed with us, so you shall not be wronged today.” Then He will bring out a card (Bitaqah); on it will be: “I testify to La Ilaha Illallah, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.” He will say: ‘Bring your scales.’ He will say: ‘O Lord! What good is this card next to these scrolls?’ He will say: ‘You shall not be wronged.’ He said: ‘The scrolls will be put on a pan (of the scale), and the card on (the other) pan: the scrolls will be light, and the card will be heavy, nothing is heavier than the Name of Allah.'” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2639]

Kalimatil Tawheed, also known as Kalimatil Ikhlas, is the origin of establishing one’s Islam and also the basis of our sincerity towards Allah. The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:

افضل الذكر لا اله الا الله

“The best of Dhikr is to say La illaha illallah.”

[At-Tirmidhi, 3383 who graded it hasan ghareeb – graded as hasan by Ibn Hajar in ‘Nata’ij al-Afkar’, 1/63; and hasan by al-Albani in ‘Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1104]

The Qur’an clearly points to the fact that ‘Aqeedah must be associated with good conduct, for five daily Salah (prayer) is a proof of the presence of La illaha illallah (there is none worthy of worship except Allah) in the heart. Imam Qurtubi in his tafseer said:

“Emaan cannot exist except by declaring there is no god but Allah and nothing can be equivalent to it from the actions and statements except the prayer.”

May Allah guide us to establish the sound ‘Aqeedah in our hearts that will never break and Emaan that is coupled with Salah (prayer) and good deeds.

 


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If Allah makes you stand up you will never fall, and if he lets you fall and leaves you to yourself, you will always fall.



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